There are many reasons for the death of Eva Smith. Each one of the
Birling family and Gerald pushed Eva Smith a little closer to suicide
but no one person was solely responsible for her death. It was not
only the Birling's that contributed to Eva Smith's death but her
position in the world she was in, she was very poor and low in society
Mr Birling was the first person who we were led to believe started off
the train of events that led to the death of Eva Smith. I don't
believe that Mr Birling did anything that ultimately push Eva to
commit suicide the only thing he did was sack her from his factory
after she started to cause trouble demanding higher wages and getting
the other girls in the factory to go on strike. Most men in his
position would have done the same. Mr Birling said to the inspector,
'She had a lot to say far too much so she had to go´.
Although I don't think that Mr Birling did anything really wrong
regarding Eva he does not come off well throughout the play as he
shows himself up a number of times because of his personality. The
major fault in his personality is that he seems to show no remorse for
Eva and his son Eric is annoyed by this. He seems to be a very hard
man, and shows no regret for dismissing Eva which led to her death.
Sheila was the second person that the Inspector turned on and her part
in the run up to Eva's death shows her in an unfavourable light as she
turned on Eva because she was jealous of her. Sheila wrongfully used
her position as an important customer to turn Eva out of a job. She
even admits, 'it was my own fault´, and that she 'was in a furious
temper´. She was jealous of Eva describing her as a 'very pretty girl
too - with big dark eyesÂ´.
Although her actions show her to be a bad tempered, jealous and
malicious person you get the impression as she begins to talk that
that is quite a harsh view of her and that although she does have bad
characteristics she isnÂ´t really as bad as you first think her to be.
She shows herself to be honest admitting straight away all that she
had done, that she caught sight of her smiling at the assistant and 'I
was furious with herÂ´.
Gerald was the third person to come under the spotlight. Gerald must
of felt differently towards Eva than Mr Birling or Sheila because he
knew her in person, not as Eva Smith but as Daisy Renton, who was his
mistress, for a while until it was no longer convenient for him. I
think that Gerald considered himself as Eva's saviour. He says that
she 'gave me a glance that was nothing more than a cry for helpÂ´. I
believe that he did genuinely care for Eva but he didn't love her as
he admitted that. 'I didn't feel about her as she felt about meÂ´.
Although Eva's felling for Gerald he never would have married Eva
because of his old fashion views on the class difference.
Gerald was honest admitting his part in Eva's death. He shows signs of
remorse in what he did in front of Sheila but I think he did not care
what happened to Eva.
The next person that the Inspector interrogates is Mrs Birling. Before
Mrs Birling the Inspector had been talking to each person in order of
when they met Eva. However Mrs Birling was in fact the last person to
have seen Eva and was the one that had given Eva the final shove by
refusing her any help from the society that she helped run. The reason
for this was because Eva used the name Birling which made Mrs Birling
cast judgment over Eva.
Mrs Birling was adamant that she did, 'Nothing I am ashamed ofÂ´. It
was clear that Mrs Birling disliked Eva and even admitted that, 'I
didn't like her mannerÂ´. Mrs Birling felt no guilt for her part in
Eva's death I think she and Mr Birling felt no guilt for the for the
death of Eva unlike their daughter Sheila who was genuinely sorry for
her part she had played in the run up to Eva's death.
Mrs Birling does dig herself and her son into a hole as she says,
'Secondly I blame the young man who was the father of the childÂ´
unknown to her she was describing her son as he was the father of the
Eric was the last person to come under scrutiny from the Inspector. He
had spent a night with Eva and she had fallen pregnant with his child.
Eric had no stable relationship with Eva like Gerald. On describing
his night with her he said, 'I didn't even remember it that's the
hellish thingÂ´. Eric also admits to stealing money from his father's
office in order to support Eva. However he was very truthful and
admitted straight away that, 'I got it from the officeÂ´.
Eric does show remorse and even said: 'I'm not likely to forgetÂ´.
However he does not take the blame for Eva's death instead he blames
Mrs Birling saying to her, 'Then - you killed herÂ´. Eric is the only
character that does blame another person in the room. It is hard to
know whether he does sincerely blame Mrs Birling or whether he is
trying to divert the blame away from himself.
Overall I would say Mrs Birling. Mrs Birling was Eva's last chance of
giving her money and a place to live she turned down Eva appeal which
a few months latter forced Eva to take her own life. Mrs Birling
denied Eva help although she knew Eva was pregnant see for some reason
was determined to stop her and persuaded the other members of the
organization to refuse her. Her selfish, cold hearted manner was the
main reason for Eva's death.
Who Was Most To Blame For The Death Of Eva Smith? Essay
2540 WordsOct 3rd, 201311 Pages
Who Was Most to Blame For the Death of Eva Smith?
An Inspector Calls is a three-act drama, which takes place on a single night in 1912, and focuses on the Birling family, who live in a wealthy but not particulary homely house in Brumley. The story begins when the mysterious Inspector Goole calls unexpectedly on the prosperous Birling family. The idea of the play, and particularly the role of the inspector, is to try to bring the Birling family to understand that they have a moral responsibility for the death of Eva Smith, if not a legal one. In Act Three, the Inspector tells the Birling family: “The girl killed herself and died a horrible death. But each of you helped to kill her. Remember that. Never forget it.” But who was really the…show more content…
This was the last stable job that Eva Smith had had and apart from her losing it, it could also have caused a blow to her self-esteem and this was obviously an important link in the chain of events. However, it may have been good for her to go when she did because she was only taken on because of a shortage of staff due to influenza and if she was going to go at some point anyway it was better for her to go sooner rather than later.
Thirdly is Gerald Croft. Gerald is Sheila’s fiancé. He is of a slightly higher class than the Birlings and this could be one of the reasons for their engagement. However it seems that the main reason for their engagement is to do with the combining of Mr Birling’s and Gerald's father's businesses. He seems to be a generally decent man but it appears that he his not all he seems to be. Until that night it seemed that they were very much in love. Sheila mentions that last year during the summer, Gerald wouldn’t go near her, saying that he was: “... awfully busy at the works all that time.” This was partially true, but it then is revealed that he was also having an affair with Eva