Lost car keys, tardiness, family death, and loss of job, pressure, frustration, and social changes-these are different types of stress, the process by which one appraises and copes with environmental threats and challenges. The events of daily life flow through a psychological filter that helps a person the react in certain ways. Some stress early in life is conducive to later emotional and physical growth. But stresses, or conflicts, can also threaten a person’s life as well and health.
Behavioral psychologists have determined there is a correlation between stress and the declination on one’s behavior. One may increase his usage of alcohol, tobacco, or other drugs to escape his stressful state. Other problems include arguing with friends, neglecting appearance, crying easily, difficulty concentrating, and withdrawing from family and friends. In extreme cases, stress can cause insanity. For example, Marilyn Lemack was convicted of tragically drugging and smothering her three children. Her plea was insanity due to stress in her marital life.
Emotional changes are also a common effect of stress. Symptoms include anger, anxiety, depression, nervousness, loneliness, and rejection. Changes in emotional state may lead to psychological disorders or even death, if not treated. Suicide is among the leading outcomes of stress-related depression.
Not only does stress effect one’s emotional and behavioral states, buy it also plays a large role in one’s physical state. Symptoms of stress include, but are not limited to, allergies, back pain, respiratory infections, fatigue, headaches, muscle tension, sleeping problems, and dizziness. Canadian scientist Hans Selye made a basic point of stress. It states that although the human body comes designed to cope with temporary stress, prolonged stress can produce physical deterioration. MRI brain scans of people who have experienced a prolonged amount of stress often show the results of a shrunken hippocampus, the inner brain structure vital to laying down explicit memories.
Stress can put people at risk for one of today’s four leading causes of serious illness and death: heart disease, cancer, stroke, and chronic lung disease. Such findings were proven true by studies done by cardiologists Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman in 1956. Psychophysiological illnesses are stress-related. They are illnesses, such as high blood pressure, that are caused by high levels of stress. Immune responses may also be effected by stress. They can either speed up or slow down causing a variety of illnesses such as lupus or multiple sclerosis. Stress does not make one sick, but it does restrain one’s immune functioning, making him more vulerable to foreign invaders.
Stress in unavoidable. If one can not eliminate stress by changing or ignoring a situation, one must learn to manage it by confronting or escaping the problem. Stress management may include aerobic exercise, relaxation, and social support. Without knowledge of stress and ways to manage it, people are more susceptible of disease and psychological disorders.
People suffering from stress face a lot of health issues. This essay discusses the negative impact of stress on our lives in detail.
Modern life is an amalgamation of stress and happiness with the former being in copious amount. Kids and adults alike are facing different types of stress that can take a huge toll not only of personal but also professional life. Light stress can in fact benefit the work efficiency of a person however in excess it can have detrimental effect on the health. Let’s compile a list of negative effects caused by stress:
Respiratory and cardiovascular systems are affected:
One of the side effects of stress can be seen on respiratory systems of the body. Release of stress hormones can lead to rapid inhalation of the oxygen and forces the body to increase the pace of blood redistribution to different organs.
Due to stress, the blood vessels get constricted and it can have a tremendous effect on the blood supply leading to high blood pressure and even heart attack. Since the risk of attack is higher, it can lead to rise in hyper tension and cause lots of problems in the long run.
As far as the work efficiency is concerned, huge amount of stress can lead to loss in concentration. Students working under the stress can never perform academically. Stress management is the need of the hour; therefore the parents should immediately refer their kids to counselors. They can do whirl of good by giving proper advice. For professionals, stress can cause absent from the office and lead to a decrease in work productivity.
Impact on the digestive system:
One of the foremost casualties of stress is the digestive system. Due to release of the relevant hormones, people may suffer from internal bowel syndrome. Extra glucose in the body leads to rise in the sugar level and increases chances of infection. Increased heart rate is the most important culprit of the malfunctioning of the digestive system. Some of the symptoms include nausea and vomiting that may continue for a very long time.
People who get burned put under the mountain of stress cannot perform to their optimum capabilities. In addition, their relationship with fellow colleagues tends to deteriorate over a period of time and can result in social isolation. The person becomes defensive to criticisms and is filled with jealousy as well as resentment. It is an unfortunate situation and should be quickly resolved by the management so that the self esteem of the person is improved.
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Sleep apnea and headache:
Stress of any kind can lead to problems such insomnia. People cannot sleep at night due to higher blood pressure combined with the feeling of helplessness. If you are not able to sleep properly, it is not possible to focus on the work.
Headache is one of the most common problems affecting the individual suffering from stress. Mental health can affect the physical condition, therefore if the stress is too high it is vital to relax and take a deep breath.
Stress condition is normally accompanied by anxiety that might cause panic attacks.