PD&R’s research program is essential to helping the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development achieve its mission to create strong, sustainable, inclusive communities and quality, affordable homes for all. It is critical that we look ahead not only for the key research opportunities we will highlight for Congress in our annual budget request but also to develop a multi-year agenda that will ensure a robust pipeline of research for years to come.
That’s why we created the Research Roadmap. The Research Roadmap is our strategic research plan. Through extensive stakeholder engagement, the Roadmap identified critical, policy-relevant research questions and helps to guide PD&R research investments.
Since the release of the original plan in 2013, PD&R has worked to advance a number of the research questions identified in the Roadmap and we’ve launch or expanded additional vehicles to help address more questions (Data License Agreements, the Multidisciplinary Research Team, and Research Partnerships.)
Importantly, the Roadmap is not a static document. It is a living document that drives PD&R’s work on a daily basis and that is why we’ve committed to revisiting and updating the plan on a regular basis. Last fall PD&R is launched the first major update to the Research Roadmap. Stay tuned to this space for updates on the process and in the meantime join us in the Research Roadmap Forums today to jumpstart the conversation.
Why Create a Research Roadmap?
Throughout its history PD&R has sought to be forward looking and fully engaged with practitioners and researchers in the field of housing and urban development. However, a 2008 report from the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences found that in an era of limited financial and human resources, PD&R's research-agenda setting process had become "too insular" with "too much of a short term focus." As a result, the report concluded, PD&R was not "achieving its potential to contribute in a significant way to the ongoing internal and external discourses over the evolution of HUD programs and broader urban development policy."
With today's challenging U.S. housing market and tightening federal budgets, the need for PD&R's leadership and contribution of policy-relevant research has never seemed greater. PD&R must have a plan in place to continue to conduct projects that help us better understand the changing world around us and show a path to improved housing and development outcomes for all Americans. In addition, it is essential that PD&R’s research plan be created with input from a broad range of stakeholders from within HUD, across other federal agencies, and external researchers and practitioners.
Road Traveled Thus Far
At the heart of the original roadmapping process was an unprecedented effort to hear from our stakeholders, the offices within HUD and practitioners and researchers across the country. We asked our audiences two questions. First, "what are the questions that will be important to housing and community development over the next five to ten years?" Second, "where does PD&R have a comparative advantage in responding to these questions?" The response was tremendous. Through web-based input, conferences, listening sessions and webinars, PD&R had the opportunity to hear from hundreds of stakeholders.
After working through this feedback, we published our first Research Roadmap in 2013, listing priority research for HUD for FY 2014 through FY 2018. Since then, we’ve been working our way through the current Roadmap and we have a number of excellent research efforts underway that are clearly rooted in the roadmapping process.
For more on the road traveled thus far, listen to Kathy O’Regan, Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research, discuss the next steps for the Research Roadmap in an interview with GovInnovator. Learn more
The Road Ahead
While HUD's budget ultimately determine which projects will be developed in any given year, the Roadmap helps guide HUD in its work as a leader in housing and community development. PD&R plans to revisit the Roadmap on a regular basis to ensure that HUD’s research projects remain timely and relevant.
In fact, last fall we launched the first major update to the Roadmap. More details on the process and opportunities for engagement will be available soon, but as part of our first phase of outreach PD&R is inviting participation in our online Research Roadmap Forums. To learn more about how you can join the conversation click here.
HUD Research Roadmap: 2017 Update
This 2017 Update is a research agenda for the Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) that has been developed through extensive stakeholder engagement to supplement and update the HUD Research Roadmap FY 2014–2018. The report summarizes the evolving federal context for research and evaluation and provides a fresh assessment of emerging research issues in the area of housing and urban development. PD&R selected the proposed research projects on the basis of timeliness, policy relevance, and effective use of PD&R’s comparative advantages.
Download the HUD Research Roadmap
About the HUD Research Roadmap FY14-18
Download the HUD Research Roadmap (Full Report)
Download Report Only
Download the Appendixes
Download Research Roadmap Progress Matrix
Stay in TouchHave a research question or project idea to contribute for the next Research Roadmap? Leave a comment in the Research Roadmap Forums.
You can reach the HUD Research Roadmap team or leave comments at PD&RResearchRoadmap@hud.gov.
The research paper writing process
In the first article of this two part series, we discussed how to research a term paper. In this article, we will discuss how to write a term or research paper.
Write your thesis statement
After you have spent some time finding your sources and absorbing the information, you should then be able to come up with a thesis statement that tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter. This statement is a road map for the research paper, telling the reader what to expect. It usually consists of a single sentence somewhere in your first paragraph and makes a claim that others might later dispute!
For optimal organization, take the time to write an outline that indicates the main aspects to be discussed. This includes deciding on the order of your sub-topics and which key points you will use as evidence to support your position.
Keep the body of your research paper in good shape
The body is the largest part of a research paper; in it you collect and arrange evidence that will persuade the reader of your argument. It should, therefore, have a logical organization. If the paper is long, it is a good idea to partition the body into sections using headings and sub-headings. This includes using parenthetical citations when referencing another author's work in the body of your text.
Sometimes the beginning isn't the best place to start...
Write the introduction and conclusion of your research paper last in order to ensure accuracy. The introduction is the key to letting your readers know where you are headed and what you hope to accomplish. Remember that while the organization of your research paper may be clear to you, it may not necessarily be clear to your readers. Therefore, the introduction should acquaint them with the journey ahead, making it easier for them to understand what follows and helping to improve their evaluation of your work. Tell your readers in concise terms what the subject of the paper is, what it is that you hope to find out, and how you will go about doing so.
Encapsulating your findings in the conclusion is not the only place in the research paper where you make your voice heard. Your analysis should appear throughout. A common ESL mistake is reciting facts in the body of their essay and then waiting until the conclusion to say what they mean. Good research papers bring data, events, and other material together, interpreting the facts throughout. The conclusion should summarize what you have said in the body and should stress the evidence that supports your analysis.
Don't forget your references
Once your research paper is finished, compile your reference list. This is an alphabetical listing of all the sources you referenced in the body of your paper. If you made notes about your sources, this task should be straightforward. Be sure to follow whatever style guide your professor or school recommends. We have an example APA Reference page and an example MLA Works Cited for your reference.
Edit your research paper to ensure clarity
Once you have the pieces of your research paper in place, it's time to polish, polish, polish! Double-check everything. Ensure you have correctly cited your sources, checked your spelling and grammar, and re-read your paper several times, checking for sense, logical structure, and organization. Readers will judge your paper not only on the quality of research, but also on the quality of the writing. To learn more about essay writing, get a copy of the e-book How to Write an Essay in Five Easy Steps.
Ta da! You've done it—your research paper is complete! Just think about what you've learned: not just about your subject, but about the whole investigative process.
Image source: Patrik Goethe/Stocksnap.io
You're writing an essay, and you want a good grade, or at least to make yourself understood. How can you make this easier for your reader?
When embarking on a research paper or term paper, think of yourself as a detective. You will not only search for information, but also delve into the whys and wherefores behind the subject material, seeking to provide elucidation through your written analysis.
Movie buffs and bookworms can tell a bestseller from a dud within the first few moments. The same is true of any thesis statement you write.
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